Petit Verdot N
Name of vine variety in France
Petit Verdot
Origin
This variety is originally from the South west of France.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France. In the European Union, Petit Verdot N can officially be called by other names: Peti Verdo (Bulgaria) and Verdot (Cyprus).
Regulations
In France, Petit Verdot N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other Europen Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Malta, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 685 401 522 338 364 729 1371
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves and tendrils are yellow,
- the shoots have green internodes,
- adult leaves are dark green and dull colored, cordiform, 3-lobed, with a slightly open petiole sinus or with parallel edges occasionally with a tooth on the edges; short teeth compared to width at base, straight sides; absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins; slightly revolute leaf blade, wavy between the veins near the petiole point and the underside has a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 194 252 248 216 239
Allel 2 153 229 262 186 204 256 254 235 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 and 1/2 to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Verdot N is a fertile and rather productive vine variety. It grows soft shoots, fragile at the base, rather long, with horizontal growth which necessites trellising. It is well adapted to gravely soils. In southern areas, Petit Verdot N requires regular watering. In former times, certain breeds were sensitive to coulure due to the malformation of stigmates. This characteristic has been eliminated in France with selection work carried out.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is a little sensitive to powdery mildew and mites.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate and berries are small in size. Petit Verdot N when ripe can produce very powerful wine, rich, colorful and tannic. These quality wines with ageing potential when blended can provide body, color and liveliness to flat wines.  Under favorable weather conditions, Petit Verdot N can produce grapes which are rich in sugar while maintaining high acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved Petit Verdot N clones carry the numbers 400 and 1058. A conservatory with 84 clones was set up in 2002 in the Bordeaux vineyards.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
400  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  medium
 1975  Bordelais  medium    medium  medium
 13.46 ha  medium to high      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1058  Gironde  CA 33 - ENTAV  low  medium  medium  medium to high
 2000  Bordelais  medium    medium  medium
 3.75 ha  medium      balanced, round and colorful wines
Somewhat later grape maturity. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced.
1273  Gironde  Pépinières Mercier - IFV  inférieure  inférieur  moyenne à supérieure  supérieur
 2018  Bordelais  inférieur    inférieure  moyenne à supérieure
   moyenne  moyenne à inférieure  moyenne à supérieure  Vins structurés, longs et bien équilibrés
Niveau de production inférieur avec grappes et baies plus petites. Port de la végétation érigé. Vins appréciés en dégustation grâce à leur structure tannique, une bonne longueur et un équilibre harmonieux
1274  Gironde  Pépinières Mercier - IFV  inférieure à moyenne  moyen  moyenne à inférieure  moyen
 2018  Bordelais  moyen    inférieure  moyenne à supérieure
   moyenne à supérieure  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure  Vins bien équilibrés et typiques du cépage
Clone présentant un bon potentiel de production. Vins appréciés en dégustation