Petit Meslier B
Name of vine variety in France
Petit Meslier
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the North of France and based on published genetic analyses, is derived from a crossbreeding of Gouais B and Savagnin.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Petit Meslier B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2016
ha 46 19 17 1 13
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- the shoots have red internodes,
- adult leaves are small, orbicular-shaped, 5 lobes wth a slightly open petiolar sinus or with parallel edges; open lateral sinuses with a U-shaped base, short teeth, moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; dull leaf blade, bubbled, folded near the petiolar point and the underside with a sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs, 
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 249 176 194 238 238 235 271
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 204 252 248 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Meslier B displays moderate vigor and early budburst which exposes it to spring frost. It is also prone to millerandage and coulure. Preferance should be given to long pruning and planting in favorable and well-exposed terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Petit Meslier B is very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are small. Petit Meslier B has good sugar in berries accumulation potential. Low juice yield. This vine variety produces dry white wine or base wine for good quality, fine, lively sparkling wines with interesting aromatic characteristics.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Petit Meslier B clone carries the number 1088. A conservatory with a dozen clones was set up in 2003 in the Champagne region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1088  Champagne  IFV        
 2010          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
1195  Marne  IFV        
 2013  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety