Petit Manseng B
Name of vine variety in France
Petit Manseng
Origin
This variety is originally from the Pyrénées-Atlantiques region. Based on published genetic analyses, Petit Manseng would be closely related to Savagnin.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Petit Manseng is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Spain and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1998 2008 2018
ha 32 34 520 650 1445
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of the petiole sinus, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 239 186 194 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 153 236 257 186 204 252 248 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Petit Manseng is vigorous and must be trellised and pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is very resistant to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and the berries very small. Petit Manseng is remarkable in its great capacity to concentrate sugar in its berries while maintaining an extremely high acidity. Thus, this variety naturally produces aromatic and great quality liqueur wines.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Petit Manseng clones carry the numbers 440, 573, 1107 and 1113. A conservatory of approximately a 100 clones has been planted in the wine-growing region of Jurançon (French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques) in 1996.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
440  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  
 1.56 ha  medium to high  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
573  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  high  high  medium  
 1978  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium  medium to high  
 1.51 ha  medium to high  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Denser vegetation
1107  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  CA 64 - ENTAV  low  low  medium  
 2006  Sud-Ouest  low  medium  low  
   low to medium  medium to high    aromatic and fatty wines with a long finish
1113  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  CA64 - IFV  high  medium  medium  
 2007  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  high  
   low  medium    high acidity wines
This clone produces numerous grape clusters with small pits. Moderate high yield level; later budding and maturity with high acidity.