Persan N
Name of vine variety in France
Persan
Origin
This variety is found in the Savoie and Isère regions.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France. En Italy, Persan can officially be designated as "Becuet".
Regulations
In France, Persan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 201 179 18 8 3 6 20
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the large, circular or kidney-shaped, dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, an open petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 225 239 182 188 240 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 262 233 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Persan is a vigorous variety which is generally pruned long, trained and managed in high growth vine stocks. Good results can be obtained on limestone scree soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Persan is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are small. Persan produces tannic wines, with a good acidity, that are suited for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Persan clone carries the number 1110. A conservatory of 15 or so clones was planted in 1999 in the wine-growing region of Savoie.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1110  Savoie  CA 73 - ENTAV  low to medium  medium to high  medium to high  
 2006  Savoie  high    low to medium  
     low to medium    balanced, lively and colorful wines