Persan N
Name of vine variety in France
Persan
Origin
This vine variety is found in the Savoie and Isère regions.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Persan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 201 179 18 8 3 6 19
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow or green with slightly bronze patches,
- adult leaves are large, dark green, orbicular to kidney-shaped, 5 lobes with an open petiolar sinus, short teeth compared to width at base, straight or convex sides, weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, an upturned leaf blade, sometimes cupped and the underside with a slight coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- long elliptical shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 225 239 182 188 240 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 262 233 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Persan N is vigorous and generally long pruned, and the highly developped vine trunks are trained on wires. Good results can be obtained on limestone scree soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Persan N is susceptible to downy and powdery mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are small. Persan N produces tannic wines with good ageing capacity and good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Persan N clone carries the number 1110. A conservatory with 20 clones wa set up in 1999 in vineyards in the Savoie region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1110  Savoie  CA 73 - ENTAV  low to medium  medium to high  medium to high  
 2006  Savoie  high    low to medium  
     low to medium    balanced, lively and colorful wines