Perlette B
Name of vine variety in France
Perlette
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1936 by Harold P. Olmo in California by crossbreeding Reine des Vignes and Sultanine.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Perlette is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Croatia, Italy, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 1 1 0.4
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with no or a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the circular or pentagonal-shaped leaves, entire or with three lobes, with an open U-shaped petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, the teeth corresponding to the main veins are a little longer, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect ans prostate hairs
- the round-shaped berries, generally with a simple flavor, some berries may have a slightly aromatic or muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 247 176 188 248 238 233 249
Allel 2 143 234 253 178 204 256 240 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, half a week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Perlette displays a moderate to strong vigor and has a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. This variety must be trained and pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Perlette is a little susceptible to powdery mildew, downy mildew, phomopsis and to grey rot.
Technological potential
Perlette's bunches are medium to large and fairly compact. The berries are seedless, small to medium in size with a moderately thick skin and a juicy pleasantly flavored pulp.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.