Perle de Csaba B
Name of vine variety in France
Perle de Csaba
Origin
This vine variety was obtained in 1904 by A. Stark in Hungary. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety is derived from the crossbreeding of Madeleine angevine B and Muscat Fleur d’Oranger B.
Synonymy
There are no officially recognized synonyms for this variety in France. In the European Union, Perle de Csaba B can officially be called by other names: Csaba gyöngye (Hungary), Perla (Bulgaria), Perla di Csaba B (Italy), Perle von Csaba (Austria), Perle von Zala (Austria), Pérola de Csaba  (Portugal) and Zalas Perle (Denmark).
Regulations
In France, Perle de Csaba B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark, Italy, Hungary and Portugal.
Use
Table grape vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 2016
ha 60 15 0.4
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are orbicular-shaped, small, whole, 3 or 5 lobes with shallow petiolar sinuses, a slightly open with a U-shaped base petiolar sinus, small teeth with straight or convex sides; moderate anthocyanin coloration of the petiole and low coloration of veins; finely bubbled leaf blade, slightly jagged and the underside with an absence of flat-lying hairs and a moderate coat of upright hairs,
- round-shaped berries with muscatée flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 247 176 186 256 240 216 271
Allel 2 153 234 249 178 204 260 240 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early, 2 and 1/2 weeks before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Perle de Csaba B displays low vigor and has semi-horizontal growth. This early variety must be trained short or long pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Perle de Csaba B is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are compact and small to moderate in size. The berries have a pleasant flavor and are moderate in size with a thin or moderately thin skin with a juicy pulp. This variety has bad storage and transportation capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Perle de Csaba B clone carries the number 1121.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1121  Hérault  IFV        
 2008