Perle de Csaba B
Name of vine variety in France
Perle de Csaba
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1904 by A. Stark in Hungary. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety would be the result of the crossbreeding between Madeleine angevine and Muscat Fleur d’Oranger.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Perle de Csaba can officially be called by other names: Csaba gyöngye (Hungary) and Cabski biser (Croatia).
Regulations
In France, Perle de Csaba is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also also in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Hungary, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 2018
ha 60 15 0.4
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular, small adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth with straight or convex sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of the petiole and a weak coloration of veins, a finely blistered, slightly twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and no prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 247 176 186 256 240 216 271
Allel 2 153 234 249 178 204 260 240 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 2 weeks and a half before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Perle de Csaba displays a low vigor and has a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. This early variety must be trained and can be pruned short or long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Perle de Csaba is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are small to medium in size and compact. The berries are medium, with a thin or moderately thick skin, and a juicy pleasantly flavored pulp. This variety has bad storage and transportation capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Perle de Csaba clone carries the number 1121.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1121  Hérault  IFV        
 2008