Perlaut B
Name of vine variety in France
Perlaut
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1956 by INRA by crossbreeding Cinsaut and Perle de Csaba.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Perlaut is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Portugal.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2018
ha 1 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a closed V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium size, mucronate teeth with convex sides or one side concave and one side convex, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a moderately blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate and erect hairs
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 178 186 260 238 216 261
Allel 2 131 234 249 178 204 260 240 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Perlaut displays a low to moderate vigor and has a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. This variety must be trained and can be pruned short or long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Perlaut is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium in size, supple and not very compact. The berries are also medium in size with a thin skin and juicy pulp. They tend to shrivel when over-ripe. This variety has a bad storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Perlaut clone carries the number 502.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
502    INRA        
 1976