Olivette noire N
Name of vine variety in France
Olivette noire
Origin
This table grape variety is of natural origin.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Olivette noire is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Portugal.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 2000 2008 2018
ha 758 488 225 22 13 5.5
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth but long compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower sied of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 233 182 188 252 238 245 251
Allel 2 135 232 239 191 204 258 254 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very late season, 6 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Olivette noire is a very late-season variety, moderately vigorous with a horizontal bearing. It must be trained and pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Olivette noire is very little susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium to large and moderately compact. The berries are large to very large with a thick skin and a crunchy simple flavored pulp.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Olivette noire clone carries the number 1138.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1138  Vaucluse  IFV        
 2009