Oeillade noire N
Name of vine variety in France
Oeillade noire
Origin
This vine variety is completely distinct from Cinsaut N, which it is oftenties confused with, and is originally from the south of France.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Oeillade noire N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Table grape vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 40 6 25 12
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs, 
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are orbicular or pentagonal shaped, 3 or 5 lobes with shallow lower lateral sinues, a petiolar sinus with overlapping lobes and a U-shaped base, large teeth, moderate length compared to width at base, striaght sides, low to moderate coloration of veins; finely bubbled leafblade, jagged, sometimes cupped and the underside with a moderate to heavy coat of upright hairs and a slight to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- short elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 227 239
Allel 2 131 236 249 178 204 260 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Oeillade noire N is moderately vigorous, grows erect and must be managed by short-pruning. It is sometimes susceptible to coulure and millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Oeillade noire N is susceptible to grillure leaf hoppers and grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate to large with moderate compactness. The berries have a simple flavor and are likewise moderate to large in size with a thin skin and a juicy pulp. When used in wine making, Oeillade noire N produces light and not very colored wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Oeillade noire N clone carries the number 1176.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1176  Hérault  IFV        
 2011