Oberlin noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Oberlin noir
Oberlin noir N or 595 Oberlin (interspecific hybrid) is derived from the crossbreeding of Gamay N and Vitis riparia.
In France, this vine variety can officially be called  "595 Oberlin" with regard to plant propagating material.
In France, Oberlin noir N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 2000 2008 2016
ha 4500 2903 68 64 62
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot is semi-open and has a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green,
- adult leaves are wedge-shaped, 5 lobes with an open U-shaped petiolar sinus, long teeth compared to width at base, straight sides, a finely bubbled leaf blade, cupped near the petiolar point and the underside with a slight to moderate coat of upright hairs,
- round-shaped or slightly elliptical shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 232 239 186 187 246 238 216 239
Allel 2 157 263 253 214 194 258 266 235 239
Bud burst: 5 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early, 1/2 weeks before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Oberlin noir N is vigorous and fertile and grows semi-erect and must be long pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Oberlin noir N resists well to downy mildew and to powdery mildew and should preferably be grafted.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small to moderate size, fairly loose and the berries are small. The sugar accumulation potential of this variety is very good. Oberlin noir N produces mediocre, very colored wines with the presence of diglucoside anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
There are no approved clones for this vine variety at the present time.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.