Noir Fleurien N
Name of vine variety in France
Noir Fleurien
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the Auvergne region and based on published genetic analyses, it is probably a descendant of Gouais B.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Noir Fleurien N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 2008 2016
ha 6 0.2 0.2
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green with shoots with red internodes,
- orbicular or pentagonal adult leaves, 5 lobes with a petiolar sinus with parallel edges or overlapping lobes, deep upper lateral sinuses, moderate size teeth with straight sides, an absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly upturned leaf blade, folded near the petiolar point and the underside with an absence or very slight coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 178 188 238 238 227 263
Allel 2 141 238 255 191 204 252 254 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Noir Fleurien N grows erect and is vigorous and adapted to fairly dry and limestone terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Noir Fleurien N does not appear to present any particular susceptibility to diseases.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate size and the berries are small. Noir Fleurien N produces colored, balance and pleasant wines.
Clonal selection in France
There are no approved clones for this variety at the present time. A conservatory with 30 clones was set up in 2000 in vineyards in the Auvergne region (Massif Central).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.