Noir Fleurien N
Name of vine variety in France
Noir Fleurien
Origin
This variety is originally from the Auvergne region and based on published genetic analyses, it is probably a descendant of Gouais.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Noir Fleurien is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 2008 2018
ha 6 0.2 0.1
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the circular or pentagonal adult leaves, with five lobes, deep upper lateral sinuses, a petiole sinus with parallel edges or overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly involute leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 178 188 238 238 227 263
Allel 2 141 238 255 191 204 252 254 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Noir Fleurien is vigorous, with an erect bearing and is adapted to fairly dry and limestone terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Noir Fleurien does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small. Noir Fleurien produces colored, balanced and pleasant wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet. A conservatory of 30 or so clones was planted in 2000 in the wine-growing region of Auvergne (Massif Central).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.