Nielluccio N
Name of vine variety in France
Nielluccio
Origin
This variety was traditionally grown in  Corsica and is originally from Italy (Tuscany) where it is grown under the name Sangiovese.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Niellucciu N" with regard to plant propagating material.
Regulations
In France, Nielluccio N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Romania.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2000 2008 2016
ha 508 2552 1399 1625 1646 1510 1921
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with slightly bronze patches,
- adult leaves are medium green, slightly dull, wedge-shaped, whole or 5-lobed with a U-shaped petiole sinus; shallow lateral sinuses; teeth with straight sides, long or very long compared to their width at the base (particularly those corresponding to the main veins); absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, and the underside with the leaf blade and absence or very slight coat of flat-lying hairs and a slight coat of upright hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 194 244 240 233 251
Allel 2 131 234 262 182 196 260 240 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Nielluccio N has moderate vigor and undergoes early bud burst. It should be head-pruned or cordon-pruned short. This variety resists well against drought conditions and appears adapted to low fertile soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Nielluccio N is sensitive to flavescence dorée. On the other hand, it is moderately sensitive to powdery mildew and not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate size and the berries are large. Nielluccio N can produce fruity wines tending to have spicy aromas, full-bodied and suited to ageing.  These wines can be characterized by having grand finesse and good balance. The wine color decreases as the yields increase. This variety also has good quality rosé wine making capability.
Clonal selection in France
The 5 approved Nielluccio N clones carry the numbers 902, 903, 904, 960 and 997. A conservatory with twenty or so clones was set up in the vineyards in Corsica in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
902  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 1987  Haute-Corse  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.99 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
903  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low  medium  medium  medium
 1987  Haute-Corse  medium to high  medium to high  medium  medium
 0.69 ha  medium to high      distinctive wines of the vine variety
904  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  high  medium  medium  medium
 1987  Haute-Corse  low to medium  low to medium  medium  medium
 0.55 ha  low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
960  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low  medium to low  medium to high  medium
 1990  Haute-Corse  medium  medium  medium  medium
   medium      Distinctive wines of the variety
Small distribution clone, survey underway. The production level and the fertility are however lower while the sugar content and the concentration of polyphenols appear higher.
997  Corse-du-Sud  CIVAM Corse - ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 2003  Haute-Corse  medium  medium  low to medium  medium
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
998  Haute-Corse  CRVI - IFV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 2014  Corse  medium  medium  medium to high  medium
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Comparable to clone 902
999  Haute-Corse  CRVI - IFV  inférieure  moyen  moyen à supérieur  moyen
 2016  Corse  moyenne à supérieure  moyenne à supérieure  inférieure  moyenne
   supérieure    moyenne  vins typiques du cépage
Qualité de tanins supérieure à la moyenne. Adapté pour une vinification en rouge
1250  Haute-Corse  CRVI - IFV  inférieure  moyen  moyen à supérieur  moyen à inférieur
 2016  Corse  moyenne à supérieure  supérieure  moyenne  moyenne
   moyenne à supérieure    moyenne  vins typiques du cépage
Niveau d'anthocyanes moins élevé et note de fruits rouges supérieure en dégustation. Adapté pour une vinification en rosé mais sans exclure la possibilité d'une vinification en rouge
1251  Haute-Corse  CRVI - IFV  supérieure  moyen à supérieur  moyen à supérieur  moyen à supérieur
 2016  Corse  moyenne à supérieure  supérieure  moyenne à inférieure  moyenne
   moyenne    moyenne à supérieure  vins typiques du cépage
Clone plus productif que la moyenne et apprécié en dégustation. Adapté pour une vinification en rosé mais sans exclure la possibilité d'une vinification en rouge