Muscat de Hambourg N
Name of vine variety in France
Muscat de Hambourg
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety was produced by crossbreeding Muscat d’Alexandrie B and Frankenthal N.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France.In the European Union, Muscat de Hambourg N can officially be called by other names: Black Muscat (Cyprus), Hamburgi muskotály (Hungary), Muscat of Hamburg (Cyprus), Moschato Ambourgou (Cyprus), Moscatel de Hamburgo  (Spain, Portugal), Moscatel Negro (Spain), Moscato d’Amburgo (Italy, Malta), Muscat Hamburg (Malta), Moschato Amvourgou N (Greece), Muscat de Hamburg (Romania), Muskat de Hamburg (Bulgaria), Muscat trolinger (Bulgaria), Muskat-Trollinger (Germany).
Regulations
In France, Muscat de Hambourg N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, and Romania.
Use
Wine and table grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 6321 7332 5962 5195 4253 4320 2990
* : declared table grape are under vines surfaces
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves have bronze patches,
- 3 or 5-lobed adult leaves with an open petiole sinus; moderate to large teeth with straight or convex sides, moderate to long compared to width at base; absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins; involute leaf blade, jagged, slightly cupped and on the underside a sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries with muscaté flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 229 247 176 186 240 248 235 271
Allel 2 147 236 249 182 192 256 254 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.Grape maturity: period II, 2 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety has moderate to strong vigor with horizontal growth or semi-trailing. The vines must be carefully trained and preferably planted in moderately fertile soil. Muscat de Hambourg N is likewise rather sensitive to black stem.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Muscat de Hambourg N is sensitive to oidium, downy mildew, phomopsis in addition to mites and vine catepillars. On the other hand, it is not very sensitive to grey rot. 
Technological potential
The grape clusters are moderate to large and the berries are moderate to large size with a moderately thick skin and muscaté flavor pulp. Muscat de Hambourg N has good storage capacity and moderate capacity for being transported. Muscat de Hambourg N has low sugar and color potential. This variety can likewise be used to make still wine, sparkling wine and grape juice. 
Clonal selection in France
The 10 approved Muscat de Hambourg N clones carry the numbers 193, 195, 200, 202, 203, 309, 932, 933, 934 and 967. They were selected for the production of table grapes. A conservatory including a hundred or so clones was set up in the Vaucluse in 2003.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
193  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  low to medium      
 1973  Provence        
         
195  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  medium to high  medium  medium to high  
 1973  Provence  medium to high  low to medium  medium  
   medium      
200  Gironde  INRA        
 1973  Provence    medium    
         
202  Vaucluse  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Provence  medium  low to medium  medium  
 4.66 ha  medium      
203  Vaucluse  INRA        
 1973  Provence      low  
         
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
309  Vaucluse  INRA  low to medium  medium  low  
 1973  Provence  medium to high  medium to high  low  
   medium      
932  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1988  Provence  medium  medium  medium  
 0.63 ha  medium      
933  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1988  Provence  medium  medium  medium  
 0.08 ha  medium      
934  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1988  Provence  medium  medium  medium  
 0.08 ha  medium      
967  Tarn-et-Garonne  INRA  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1990  Provence  medium  medium  medium  
 1.67 ha  medium