Muscat d'Alexandrie B
Name of vine variety in France
Muscat d'Alexandrie
Origin
This variety is originally from the Mediterranean region.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France.In the European Union, Muscat d'Alexandrie can officially be called by other names: Damaszener Muskat (Austria), Moscatel de Alejandría (Spain), Müscat of Alexandria (Cyprus), Moscatel de Málaga (Spain), Moscatel Graúdo (Portugal), Moscatel de Setúbal (Portugal), Moschato Alexandrias (Greece, Cyprus), Moscato d'Alessandria (Italy), Moscato di Alessandria (Malta), Moscato (Malta, under certain conditions in Italy), Moscatello (under certain conditions in Italy), Moscatellone (under certain conditions in Italy), Zibibbo (Italy, Malta).
Regulations
In France, Muscat d'Alexandrie B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Austria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Italy, Malta and Portugal.
Use
Wine and table grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 2142 3170 3127 3162 2981 2923 2467
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,- bronze young leaves,
- small size orbicular-shaped adult leaves, 5-lobed with a slightly open petiole sinus, V-shaped lateral sinuses; small teeth with straight sides, long compared to width at base, anthocyanin coloration limited to petiole point,
- elliptical or obovoid-shaped berries with muscaté flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 249 176 186 248 248 243 263
Allel 2 147 229 251 191 204 256 248 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Muscat d’Alexandrie B is slightly vigorous with trailing growth. It is generally managed with short pruning and in gobelet. This variety is well adapted to drought and to gravelly, acidic or decalcified terroirs. Muscat d’Alexandrie B vines tend to age fairly quickly. Muscat d’Alexandrie B requires hot temperatures for the proper ripening of grapes and for lignification of the vine wood.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Muscat d’Alexandrie B is sensitive to oidium, grey rot and to insects.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large and the berries very large. Muscat d’Alexandrie B can produce natural sweet wine with powerful, elegant and floral  aromas. The sugar potential of this variety can only be expressed in climatic situations adapted to its particular needs. Muscat d’Alexandrie B can also be used to produce dry wines, possibly sparkling or used blended to provide aromatic input.
Clonal selection in France
The 5 approved Muscat d’Alexandrie B clones carry the numbers 308, 635, 866, 979 and 1014.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
308  Hérault  ENTAV    medium  medium to high  
 1973  Languedoc-Roussillon  medium  medium  high  
 3.87 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its moderate production level and its good aromatic intensity
635  Hérault  ENTAV    medium  medium  
 1979  Languedoc-Roussillon  medium      
 0.63 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
866  Pyrénées-Orientales  ENTAV    medium  medium  
 1986  Roussillon  medium    medium to high  
 0.44 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
979  Pyrénées-Orientales  ENTAV    medium to high  medium  
 1981  Roussillon  medium  medium to high  medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
1014  Pyrénées-Orientales  CA 66 - IFV  high  high  medium  
 2008  Roussillon  high  medium to high  medium  
   heterogeneous    high  aromatic wines with ripe fruit, honey, dried fruit and candied orange notes
Stronger vigor and drooping growth
Good wine growing behaviour. Clone which provides a complementary aromatic input compared to existing range.
Higher level of terpenes