Muscat cendré B
Name of vine variety in France
Muscat cendré
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1973 by INRA by crossbreeding Pinot gris G and Muscat Ottonel B.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Muscat cendré B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2016
ha 0
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have an absence of or just a sparse coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are yellow or green, adult leaves are orbicular or wedge-shaped, 3 or 5-lobed, with a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes and frequently with a tooth on the edge; moderate to short teeth compared to width at base, straight or convex sides, absence of or slight anthocyanin coloration of veins; light green leaf blade and the underside with an absence or a very sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries with a very slight muscaté flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 176 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 225 243 182 194 256 254 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Muscat cendré B has moderate to strong vigor and has horizontal growth. This variety is somewhat sensitive to  coulure and to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Muscat cendré B is slightly sensitive to grey rot when overripe.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and berries are moderate size. The sugar potential of this variety is moderate with moderate to weak acidity. Muscat cendré B can produce powerful, full-bodied and slightly aromatic wine.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Muscat cendré B clone carries the number 1054.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1054    INRA        
 1999  Alsace