Muscat cendré B
Name of vine variety in France
Muscat cendré
This variety was obtained in 1973 by INRA by crossbreeding Pinot gris and Muscat Ottonel.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
In France, Muscat cendré is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
ha 0
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with no or a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the circular or wedge-shaped, light green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes and often a tooth on the edge, medium to short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no or a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries with a very slight muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 135 225 239 176 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 225 243 182 194 256 254 267 271
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Muscat cendré has a moderate to strong vigor with a horizontal bearing. This variety is not very sensitive to coulure and to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Muscat cendré is slightly sensitive to grey rot when over-ripe.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. The sugar potential of this variety is average, with moderate to low acidity. Muscat cendré can produce powerful, full-bodied and slightly aromatic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Muscat cendré clone carries the number 1054.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1054    INRA        
 1999  Alsace