Muscat à petits grains rouges Rg
Name of vine variety in France
Muscat à petits grains rouges
Origin
This variety corresponds to the red mutation of Muscat à petits grains blancs.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Muscat à petits grains rouges Rg can officially called by other names: Busuioac? de Bohotin (Romania), Moscatel Galego Roxo (Portugal), Muskateller Roter (Austria).
Regulations
In France, Muscat à petits grains rouges is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Portugal and Romania.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 43 436 368 341 218
Description
The description corresponds to that of Muscat à petits grains blancs except for the berry skin color when ripe, which is dark red in this case.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 233 176 186 252 240 245 263
Allel 2 131 234 249 191 196 256 248 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Aptitudes are close to those of Muscat à petits grains blancs. Muscat à petits grains rouges would however appear to be a little bit earlier.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
The behavior of this variety toward diseases is comparable to that of Muscat à petits grains blancs, with perhaps less susceptibility to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries aare medium in size. Muscat à petits grains rouges produces quality sweet and dry wines. These wines have an average color with a good balance between sugar content and acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Muscat à petits grains rouges clone carries the number 1194.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1194  Gard  IFV        
 2014  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety