Mourvèdre N
Name of vine variety in France
Mourvèdre
Origin
This variety is originally from Spain and was probably introduced in France at the end of the Middle ages.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France. In the European Union, Mourvèdre N can officially be called by other names: Mataro (Cyprus), Monastrell (Spain) and Kaldaretta (Malta).
Regulations
In France, Mourvèdre N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Cyprus, Spain, Greece and Malta.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 617 857 3146 5608 7249 9164 9170
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoots have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves with bronze patches,
- shoots that grow upright with red colored internodes,
- orbicular-shaped adult leaves, whole or 3-lobed with a open lyre petiole sinus; large teeth, moderate compared to width at base, straight sides; moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; flat leaf blade and the underside with a very dense cover of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 188 252 240 243 239
Allel 2 149 238 249 186 204 262 262 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 13 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mourvèdre N is a demanding an delicate vine variety. With its upright growth and acrotonic pattern, it must be short pruned. As such, it can be grown with cords with reduced training or in sufficiently open gobelet.  Care must be taken to keep the leaves, which are few in number and are moderately effective. Trimming must be avoided to limit the presence of large size grapillons, which poses as bothersome competition. Production per vine trunk must be low to prevent risk of depletion. This variety sometimes demonstrates alternating fertility levels. The pedo-climatic requirements of Mourvèdre N are very demanding. This variety appears well adapted to deep limestone soils to enable a limited but regular supply of water. Potassium and magnesium supplies (K/Mg) must likewise be balanced in order to prevent arising deficencies. Finally, the main limiting factor for growing this late cycle vine variety (bud burst and grape maturity), include the fact that temperatures at the moment of grape maturation must be very high (especially minimum temperatures) to enable proper ripening and a sufficient accumulation of sugar in the berries. This variety is thus reserved for the hottest southern areas and the best exposed.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Mourvèdre N is sensitive to mites, leaf hoppers, esca and acid rot. On the other hand, it is generally not so sensitive to grey rot and it resists well againt phomopsis.
Technological potential
Mourvèdre N grape clusters are moderate to large size and the berries are moderate size. The color potential of this variety is moderate with sometimes a lack of acidity. Nevertheless, Mourvèdre N can produce very high quality wines, aromatic, tannic and structured, good for ageing and maturing in wood barrels provided that there is sufficient grape maturity  (12 natural degrees minimum) and that the production per vine trunk is limited.
Clonal selection in France
The 13 approved Mourvèdre N clones carry the numbers 233, 234, 244, 245, 247, 248, 249, 369, 448, 449, 450, 520 and 1069. A conservatory with more than 100 clones has been set up in the Bandol (Var) vineyards since 2004.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
233  Var  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 medium to high  high    
 0.46 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
234  Drôme  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 medium to high  medium to high  medium to high  
 2.28 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
244  Aude  INRA  high  high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 high  high    
 2.25 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
245  Non précisée  INRA    medium to high    
 1973  Languedoc        
 0.66 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
247  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 high  high    
 0.40 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
248  Non précisée  INRA    medium to high    
 1973  Languedoc        
 0.37 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
249  Aude  INRA  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1973  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 medium      
 1.86 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
369  Espagne  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  high
 1975  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 low to medium    medium  medium to high
 10.70 ha        well balanced with distinct grape variety characteristics
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
448  Non précisée  ENTAV  medium  high  medium  
 1976  Languedoc, Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 high  medium    
 0.34 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Irregular production
449  Non précisée  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1976  Provence  medium      
 1.20 ha        balanced wines but possibly lacking acidity
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
450  Non précisée  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1976  Languedoc
Provence
Vallée-du-Rhône
 high  medium    
 0.04 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
520  Charente  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1976  Provence  medium    high  
 0.47 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
1069  Espagne  CA 83 - ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  high
 2003  Provence  low to medium  medium  medium  medium to high
         aromatic wines with good tannic structure
Less productive clone. Appreciated in wine tastings
1215  Espagne  CA 83 - IFV  low to medium  medium  high  
 2014  Provence  low to medium    medium  
   medium    high  Balanced rosé wines with high aromatic intensity
Clone suited to making rosé wines. Sought-after for wine tasting (red fruit notes, floral and sweet)