Morrastel N
Name of vine variety in France
Morrastel
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin and where it is called Graciano.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Minustellu" regarding plant propagation material. In the European Union, Morrastel can officially be called by other names: Cagnulari (Italy), Graciano (Spain, Malta) and Tinta Miuda (Portugal).
Regulations
In France, Morrastel is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 7 6 6 57
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish-orange or yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the pentagonal or circular, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a petiole sinus with overalapping edges, short teeth with straight sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 176 186 252 262 243 239
Allel 2 149 236 239 180 188 260 270 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 12 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety with a semi-erect to erect bearing is well suited for limestone soils, hillsides terroirs and drought conditions. It can be pruned in gobelet. Given its long growing cycle, it must be planted in sufficiently warm areas.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Morrastel is sometimes sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are moderate to large and the berries are small. Morrastel produces tannic, slightly astringent, full-bodied (peppery flavor) and well colored wines. The sugar accumulation potential for this variety remains nevertheless low or moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Morrastel clones carry the numbers 824, 949 and 950.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name "Graciano").
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
824  Haute-Garonne  ENTAV        
 1985  Languedoc        
         
Small distribution clone
949  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1990  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium to high    medium  
 0.18 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
950  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1990  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  low to medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety