Morrastel N
Name of vine variety in France
Morrastel
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin and is called Graciano in Spain.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France.In the European Union, Morrastel N can officially be called by other names: Cagnulari N (Italy), Cagniulari (Italy), Graciano (Spain, Malta), Tintilla de Rota (Spain) and Tinta Miuda (Portugal).
Regulations
In France, Morrastel N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Spain, Malta, Portugal and Italy.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 7 6 6 52
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are reddish orange or yellow with bronze patches,
- the shoots have red lined internodes,
- adult leaves are dark green, pentagonal or orbicular, 3 or 5-lobed with a petiole sinus with overalapping edges; short teeth with straight sides, low to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; leaf blades are slightly revolute and the underside has a moderate coat of upright hairs and a moderate to heavy coat of flat-lying hairs. 
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 176 186 252 262 243 239
Allel 2 149 236 239 180 188 260 270 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 12 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety with its semi-erect and erect horizontal growth is well suited to limestone soils, hillside terroirs and drought conditions. It can be pruned in "gobelet". Given its long growing cycle, it must be planted in sufficiently warm areas.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Morrastel N is sometimes sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are moderate to large and the berries are small. Morrastel N produces tannic wines, slightly astringent, full bodied (pepper flavor) and quite colorful. Sugar accumulation potential for this variety remains nevertheless low or moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The 3 approved Morrastel N clones carry the numbers 824, 949 and 950.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
824  Haute-Garonne  ENTAV        
 1985  Languedoc        
         
Small distribution clone
949  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1990  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium to high    medium  
 0.18 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
950  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1990  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  low to medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety