Montils B
Name of vine variety in France
Montils
Origin
This variety is originally from the west of  France and base on published genetic analyses, it is probably a descendant of Gouais.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Montils is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 324 174 10 5 141 160 188
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes or parallel sides, short teeth compared to their width at the base, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth flat or slightly involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 178 196 244 238 245 239
Allel 2 149 232 249 182 204 252 248 257 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is not very vigorous and should be moderately pruned. Its fairly early budburst exposes it to the risk of spring frosts.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Montils is susceptible to grey rot when the grapes reach maturity.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small to medium. Distilling Montils wines produces good quality spirits. Musts obtained from this grape variety can be used to make mistelles.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Montils clones carry the numbers 984, 985 and 986. A conservatory of almost 130 clones was planted in the French department of Charente in 2004.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
984  Charente-Maritime  ENTAV    low    
 1992  Charente        
 0.67 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
985  Charente-Maritime  ENTAV        
 1992  Charente        
 0.54 ha        
Little difference with clone 984
986  Charente-Maritime  ENTAV        
 1992  Charente        
 0.74 ha        
Little difference with clone 984