Monerac N
Name of vine variety in France
Monerac
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1958 and is the result of crossbreeding Grenache and Aramon.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Monerac is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 2 2 3 1.9
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with three lobes, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 223 239 178 188 244 240 227 239
Allel 2 141 232 239 191 196 258 254 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 5 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous, with a semi-erect bearing and must be pruned short. It can be trained in gobelet or trellised. Its production is regular.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Monerac is not very susceptible to grey rot because the grape clusters are fairly loose.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium to large in size. The sugar accumulation potential is fairly high. The wines produced are not very astringent, but they are sometimes lacking color. Monerac is well suited for the production of rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Monerac clone carries the number 536.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
536    INRA        
 1976  Languedoc