Mollard N
Name of vine variety in France
Mollard
Origin
This variety is originally from the Hautes-Alpes region and based on published genetic analyses, is probably a descendant of Gouais.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Mollard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 291 247 84 42 26 25 18
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the circular entire adult leaves, with an open or slightly open U-shaped petioe sinus, medium teeth with straight sides, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 232 249 178 200 244 254 227 249
Allel 2 141 238 249 178 204 248 254 247 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mollard has an erect bearing. It must be pruned short and trained in gobelet. Mollard is sometimes susceptible to coulure.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Mollard is susceptible to powdery mildew and downy mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries are medium in size. Mollard produces pleasant, fresh, light and well colored wines. The sugar accumulation potential is moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Mollard clones carry the numbers 993 and 996.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
993  Hautes Alpes  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 2003  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium to high    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
996  Hautes Alpes  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 2003  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    low to medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety