Meunier N
Name of vine variety in France
Meunier
Origin
This variety is a mutation of Pinot N, particularly bearing on villosity.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Meunier N can officially be called by other names: Mlynarka (Czech Republic), Müllerrebe (Germany), Pinot Meunier (Germany, Belgium, Spain, Czech Republic, United Kingdom), Schwarzriesling (Germany, Austria, Czech Republic) and Wrotham pinot (United Kingdom).
Regulations
In France, Meunier N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Spain, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands and the Czech Republic.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 5603 7739 10572 11115 10961 10737 12115
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs, - the young leaves are green,
- the shoots have red lined or red internodes with a moderate to dense coat of flat-lying hairs, - orbicular adult leaves, 5-lobed with a slightly open petiole sinus, deep lateral sinuses and frequently a tooth at bottom; moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; the leaf blade upper side with a low to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs and the underside with a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped or short elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 126 225 239 182 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 243 186 194 246 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather productive  and is resistant to winter frost. Fruit bearing is likewise fairly good following spring frost. Tendency to grow many water and new shoots. Meunier N is well suited for limestone terroirs and would appear not very sensitive to chlorosis.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Meunier N is not very sensitive to phomopsis, oidium and powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is sensitive to grape catepillars and  grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small and the berries very small. This variety is used  especially for making sparkling wine and is used for producing moderately acidic wines which evolve quickly.
Clonal selection in France
The 14 approved Meunier N clones carry the numbers 458, 791, 817, 818, 864, 865, 900, 901, 916, 924, 925, 977, 978 and 983. A conservatory of 195 clones has been set up in the Champagne vineyards since 1995.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
458  Marne  ENTAV  low to medium  irregular  high  
 1975  Champagne  low      
         distinctive wines
Frequent reverse mutations causing the possible disappearance of «Meunier» character
791  Marne  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1984  Champagne  high  medium    
 1.05 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
Earlier maturity clone with leaves with more lobes
817  Marne  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1985  Champagne  medium  high    
 1.75 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
Earlier clone
818  Marne  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1985  Champagne  high      
 1.26 ha    medium to high    good capacity for producing base wines
Earlier clone
864  Marne  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1985  Champagne  medium      
 0.63 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
865  Marne  ENTAV  high  medium  high  
 1986  Champagne  low      
 1.70 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
900  Aisne  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1987  Champagne  medium      
 1.58 ha    medium to high    good capacity for producing base wines
Frequent reverse mutations causing the possible disappearance of «Meunier» character
901  Loiret  INRA  medium    high  
 1987  Val-de-Loire        
         used for making rosé wines
916  Loiret  INRA  medium    high  
 1987  Val-de-Loire        
         used for making rosé wines
924  Marne  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1988  Champagne  medium  medium    
 2.40 ha    medium to high    good capacity for producing base wines
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
925  Aube  INRA  medium  high  low  
 1988  Val-de-Loire  high      
 0.65 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
977  Marne  ENTAV  high  medium  high  
 1991  Champagne  low  high    
 0.89 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
Later maturity clone
978  Marne  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1991  Champagne  medium      
 0.88 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
983  Marne  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1992  Champagne  high      
 0.16 ha        good capacity for producing base wines
Frequent reverse mutations causing the possible disappearance of «Meunier» character