Melon B
Name of vine variety in France
Melon
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bourgogne Franche-Comté region and, based on published genetic analyses, would result from the crossbreeding of Pinot and Gouais.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Melon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Bulgaria.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 8516 9517 9482 11346 12988 12844 8605
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green or with slightly red-striped internodes,
- the circular entire adult leaves, with a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 236 239 178 194 240 238 227 239
Allel 2 141 238 249 182 204 244 254 235 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety, with a semi-erect bearing, has not very fertile buds at the base. It must be pruned moderately long or possibly short. Melon is well adapted to clay-siliceous terroirs and to fairly cool regions.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Melon is fairly sensitive to downy mildew and very sensitive to grey rot. On the other hand, it is not very susceptible to powdery mildew and eutypa dieback.
Technological potential
The bunches are small to medium in size with small berries. Melon produces balanced, fresh, light, pleasant with discreet aromas wines. White wines produced are well suited to ageing on lees.
Clonal selection in France
The twelve certified Melon clones carry the numbers 177, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 441, 442, 443, 1057 and 1120. A conservatory of almost 300 was planted in 1993 in the wine-growing region of Nantes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
177  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  low  
 1972  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 3.36 ha        refined and balanced wines but with limited storage capacity
Clone more susceptible to drought
227  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 0.43 ha        refined and balanced wines
228  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 0.35 ha        refined and balanced wines
229  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 1.12 ha        refined and balanced wines
230  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 2.82 ha        refined and balanced wines
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
231  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 1.66 ha        refined and balanced wines
232  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 1.51 ha        refined and balanced wines
441  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 0.43 ha        refined and balanced wines
442  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 1.15 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
443  Loire-Atlantique  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 2.45 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1057  Loire-Atlantique  ATAV Val-de-Loire - ENTAV    low  medium to high  
 2000  Loire-Atlantique  medium      
 0.31 ha        refined and balanced wines
1120  Loire-Atlantique  IFV  medium  low  medium  
 2008  Val de Loire  low  medium  medium  
     medium  high  aromatic wines with fruity and floral notes but little mineral character. These wines are likewise appreciated for their volume and long finish
Clone appreciated for its moderate production level and its organoleptic qualities