Mayorquin B
Name of vine variety in France
Mayorquin
Origin
This variety could originally be from North Africa where it is called Farana.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Mayorquin can officially be called by other names: Alicante banco (Portugal), Damaschino (Italy) and Planta fina de Pedralba (Spain).
Regulations
In France, Mayorquin is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of other Member States of the European Union : Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1979 1988 2018
ha 1 4 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with a flattened or fasciated internode cross section,
- the large light green adult leaves, with five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, with often a tooth on the edge, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, colored petioles, a smooth shiny involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 225 239 176 186 252 240 247 249
Allel 2 143 238 243 191 188 258 254 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mayorquin is very vigorous, fertile and productive and must be pruned short. Mayorquin is well adapted to dry, sandy or clay soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Mayorquin is especially susceptible to downy mildew. It is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are very large. Mayorquin produces ordinary, neutral and average wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Mayorquin clone carries the number 1119.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1119  Hérault  IFV        
 2008          
         Distinctive wines of the variety