Mauzac B
Name of vine variety in France
Mauzac
Origin
This variety would appear to origianlly be from the Gaillac region (Tarn).
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Mauzac is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 8511 9167 6422 5709 3534 2585 1629
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the white or yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular or cordate adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, short or medium teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte slightly hammered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 227 239 182 188 252 248 227 239
Allel 2 149 229 249 188 200 252 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mauzac displays moderate vigor, is rather productive and must be pruned short. Grape clusters have short peduncles. This variety produces good results in clay-limestone or limestone soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Mauzac is sensitive to mites (particularly to acariosis), grape moths, phomopsis, eutypa dieback and grey rot. It is however not very susceptible to powdery and downy mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Mauzac produces sparkinlg, sweet or dry white wines. At full maturity, the alcohol level is fairly high and the berries can be further enriched by over-ripening. Acidity, on the other hand, drops quickly. The wines sometimes lack freshness (sensitivity to oxidation) and can have some bitterness. The dominant aromas are, in general, apple and sometimes pear.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Mauzac clones carry the numbers 575, 738, 739, 740, 741, 898 and 899. Two conservatories of almost 200 clones were planted in the wine-growing regions of Gailllac (French department of Tarn) in 1998 and Limoux (French department of Aude) in 2009.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
575  Tarn  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1978  Tarn  low    low  
 0.41 ha    high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Small and compact grape clusters
738  Aude  INRA  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
 1981  Aude
Tarn
 high    medium to high  
 0.19 ha    low    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Large and aerated grape clusters. Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
739  Aude  INRA  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
 1981  Aude
Tarn
 high    medium to high  
 0.57 ha    low to medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Large and aerated grape clusters. Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
740  Aude  INRA  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
 1981  Aude
Tarn
 high    medium to high  
 0.35 ha    low to medium    Distinctive wines of the vine variety
Large and aerated grape clusters. Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
741  Aude  INRA  low to medium  medium to high  medium  
 1981  Aude
Tarn
 high    medium to high  
 0.46 ha    low to medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Large and aerated grape clusters. Clone adapted to making sparkling wines.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
898  Tarn  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1987  Tarn  low    low to medium  
 0.46 ha    medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Small and compact grape clusters
899  Tarn  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  
 1987  Tarn  low    low to medium  
 0.47 ha    medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Small and compact grape clusters