Marselan N
Name of vine variety in France
Marselan
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1961 and was produced by crossbreeding Cabernet-Sauvignon N with Grenache N.
Synonymy
There is no recognized synonym in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Marselan N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogue of Bulgaria.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2016
ha 468 1356 5568
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a sparse coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the shoots have green internodes,
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are dark green, shiny, orbicular, 5, 7 or 9-lobed with a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes; short or moderate teeth with convex or straight sides, absence or slight anthocyanin coloration of veins; jagged, smooth leaf blade; absence of flat-lying hairs on under side,
- round-shaped or short elliptical shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 186 188 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 143 229 243 191 194 258 240 243 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Marselan N can be cordon-pruned short. Preference given to training with sufficient trellising due to presence of fairly long shoots.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Marselan N shows very little susceptibility to grey rot and slight susceptiblity to powdery mildew and mites.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large while the berries are very small. Juice yield is subsequently limited (approximately 160 kg/hl). Marselan N produces colorful, typical and good quality wines: aromatic, full-bodied with very interesting structure (supple tannins with no bitterness) which make for wines which can be aged.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Marselan N clone carries the number 980.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
980    INRA        
 1991  Languedoc, Provence        
 17.22 ha