Marsanne B
Name of vine variety in France
Marsanne
Origin
This variety is originally from the Northern Côtes du Rhône region.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Marsanne is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine vareties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 277 268 235 406 1121 1266 1732
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the large adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a petiole sinus with very overlapping lobes, very short teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte, goffered, strongly blistered and twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, golden or reddish when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 186 196 246 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 253 188 200 252 248 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity:mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous, fertile and productive. It must be pruned short and reserved, preferably, for not very fertile and stony terroirs. Marsanne produces long shoots which require careful and sufficient training. This variety is rather rustic, with a short cycle, a late budburst and is well adapted to cool climatic areas.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Marsanne is sensitive to powdery mildew, mites and grey rot.
Technological potential
Marsanne's bunches are large but the berries are small. Marsanne produces sparkling or dry white wines, rather elegant, moderately or not very acidic with fine aromas and sometimes presenting a light harshness or bitterness on the finish. A badly managed production may adversely affect the wine quality.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Marsanne clones carry the numbers 574, 1036 and 1083. A conservatory of almost 250 clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
574  Non précisée  ENTAV  high  high  low to medium  
 1978  Vallée-du-Rhône  medium to high      
 4.11 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1036  Drôme  CA 07 - ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 2004  Vallée-du-Rhône  medium      
   medium      balanced wines with good volume on the palate
Intermediary production level. Clone appreciated in wine tastings.
1083  Ardèche  CA 07 - ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 2004  Vallée-du-Rhône  low to medium      
   medium      aromatic and well-balanced wines with good volume on the palate.
Lower production level. Clone appreciated in wine tastings.