Manseng noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Manseng noir
Origin
This variety is originally from the Western Pyrenees.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Manseng noir N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1998 2008 2016
ha 790 636 8 4 3 26
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are reddish with very bronze patches,
- the adult leaves are dark green, orbicular or wedge-shaped, whole or 3-lobed with an open petiole sinus, U-shaped with a   base  sometimes limited by the vein near the petiole point;  deep lateral sinuses, short to moderate teeth compared to width at base, straight sides; absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, revolute leaf blade, bubbled, cupped or wavy between the veins near the petiole point; the underside has a slight coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 186 194 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 267 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Manseng noir N is a vigorous variety, low fertility of vine eyes at base, which must be long-pruned. However, if managed, this variety can produce high yields. Adapts well to various soil types.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety would appear not to be particularly sensitive to diseases and pests.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate to large, fairly loose and the berries are small to moderate size.  Manseng noir produces extremely colorful wine with a beautiful dark ruby color. Astringent wine, slightly acidic but fine and capable of ageing; interesting for blending purposes.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Manseng noir N clone carries the number 897.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
897  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  INRA        
 1987  Sud-Ouest        
         
When well-managed, this clone produces very colorful and full-bodied wines, distinctive of this grape variety.