Manseng noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Manseng noir
Origin
This variety is originally from the Western Pyrenees.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Manseng noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1998 2008 2018
ha 790 636 8 4 3 34
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves with very bronze spots,
- the circular or wedge-shaped dark green adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with deep lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, with sometimes naked petiole veins, short to medium teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute, blistered, goffered or undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 186 194 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 267 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Manseng noir is a vigorous variety, not very fertile on the buds of the base, which must be pruned long. However, if not well managed, this variety can produce high yields. Manseng noir adapts well to various soil types.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety does not seem particularly sensitive to diseases and pests.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium to large, fairly loose and the berries are small to medium size. Manseng noir produces extremely colored wines with a beautiful dark ruby color. The wines are astringent, slightly acidic but fine and suited to ageing; interesting for blendings.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Manseng noir clone carries the number 897. A conservatory of thirty or so clones was planted in the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in 2013.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
897  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  INRA        
 1987  Sud-Ouest        
         
When well-managed, this clone produces very colorful and full-bodied wines, distinctive of this grape variety.