Madeleine angevine B
Name of vine variety in France
Madeleine angevine
Origin
This table grape variety was obtained by Mr. Vibert in 1857 in Angers. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety would be the result of the crossbreeding between Madeleine royale and Blanc d’Ambre.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Madeleine angevine is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Denmark and Sweden.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 2008 2018
ha 21 141 7 0
* surfaces of all Madeleines, except Madeleine royale.
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, very deep lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, with sometimes naked petiole veins, short teeth with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a strongly blistered, twisted and goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the female flowers,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 133 234 247 178 194 250 240 216 239
Allel 2 153 238 247 191 204 260 254 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week and a half before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Madeleine angevine is an early variety, moderately vigorous, with a semi-erect bearing which can be pruned short. Due to its female flowers, Madeleine angevine is particularly susceptible to coulure and to millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Madeleine angevine is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and loose. The berries are medium in size with moderately thick skin and a soft simple flavored pulp.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.