Lival N
Name of vine variety in France
Lival
Origin
This vine variety was obtained in 1956 by INRA by crossbreeding Alphonse Lavallée N and Lignan B.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety, nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Lival N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria and Portugal.
Use
Wine and table grape vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 3 89 173 123 54
Description
Identificationsigns include:
- the tip of the young shoots has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- the shoots have nodes and internodes with heavy anthocyanin pigmentation,
- adult leaves are orbicular or wedge shaped, 7 lobes or more, round-shaped, a slightly open petiolar sinus with a U-shaped base oftentimes limited by the vein near the petiolar point; moderate size teeth, striaght sides with one convex and one concave side, heaby anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, dark green leaf blade, moderately bubbled and the underside with a moderate coat of upright hairs on the nodes and a sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped or short elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 182 192 252 238 233 261
Allel 2 153 234 255 182 204 252 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early, same as Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Lival N has strong vigor and grows horizontal. It must be trained and managed with long pruning. This variety is not very susceptible to millerandage and shot berries.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Lival N is susceptible to excoriosis, powdery mildew, downy mildew and mites, but is not very affected by grey rot.
Technological potential
Lival N grape clusters are moderate to large in size, moderately compact with a moderately long stalk which is not very lignified. The berries are moderate to large in size with a homegeneous color. The skin is moderately thick and the pulp is moderately firm and very juicy with a simple flavor. Lival N has good storage and transportation capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Lival N clone carries the number 501.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
501    INRA        
 1976  Languedoc