Listan B
Name of vine variety in France
Listan
Origin
This vine variety is of Spanish origin (Andalusia).
Synonymy
There are no officially recognized synonyms for this variety in France.In the European Union, Listan B can officially be called by other names: Listan blanc (Cyprus), Lista blanco (Spain), Listan Blanco de Canarias (Spain), Malvasia Rei (Portugal), Palomino (Cyprus) and Palomino fino (Spain).
Regulations
In France, Listan B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Cyprus, Spain and Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 1252 1269 899 770 530 228 67
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the new shoots have a very heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- the shoots have red internodes,
- adult leaves are large, 5 lobes with an open petiolar sinus, deep lateral sinuses, moderate size teeth with convex sides, moderate anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, a bubbled leaf blade and the underside with a heavy coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- the berries are round-shaped or slightly flatenned with a dark ombilicus.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 182 188 252 240 235 255
Allel 2 143 238 249 191 194 258 240 247 257
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Listan B is vigorous, very productive and susceptible to brown rust and must be short pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This vine variety is somewhat susceptible to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
Listan B grape clusters are very large and the berries are moderate to large size. Listan B has low sugar potential and acidity drops quickly and strongly at maturity. Wines produced are neutral and sensitive to oxidation.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Listan B clone carries the number 367.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
367  Gers  ENTAV        
 1975  Languedoc        
         
Clone conforms to grape variety characteristics.