Kadarka N
Name of vine variety in France
Kadarka
Origin
This variety is originally from Hungary.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Gamza" regarding plant propagation material. In Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia and Hungary, Kadarka can officially be designated as "Gamza" as well.
Regulations
In France, Kadarka is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2013 on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary and Romania.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2018
ha 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot, with a high density of prostate hairs and a piping anthocyanin coloration,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the circular, medium to large, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open or closed V-shaped petiole sinus, with sometimes overlapping lobes, rather large teeth, long compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, blistered and goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 182 188 250 238 227 271
Allel 2 133 223 255 191 204 252 254 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 10 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Kadarka is a vigourous and productive variety with an erect or semi-erect bearing. It must be pruned short to avoid leaves crowding and humidity accumulation in the area of the bunches. If it is pruned long, Kadarka tends to become depleted. This variety tolerates drought conditions but is susceptible to winter frosts.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Kadarka is mostly sensitive to grey rot on the bunches.
Technological potential
Kadarka's bunches are medium in size and rarely winged. The berries are also medium in size, simple flavored, with a thin skin and a juicy pulp. In favorable climatic conditions and if the yields are manages, Kadarka gives aromatic wines with a good tannic structure, a nice alcohol level, but that are not very colored. This variety can also be used to produce rosé wines and sweet wines from raisined grapes.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Kadarka clone carries the number 1181.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1181  Hérault  IFV - INRA        
 2012  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety