Italia B
Name of vine variety in France
Italia
Origin
Italia or 65 Pirovano was obtained in 1911 by Angelo Pirovano by crossbreeding Bicane with Muscat de Hambourg.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In Croatia, Italia can officially be designated as "Muskat italija".
Regulations
In France, Italia is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 874 858 665 492 161 152 59
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow and shiny young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, an open, slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, large teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly blistered leaf blade, involute, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the elliptsoid berries with a slightly muscat or a simple flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 243 176 192 256 238 233 251
Allel 2 147 236 247 191 204 258 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Italia has very strong vigor and a semi-erect bearing. This variety must be trained and pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Italia is sensitive to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are very large, conical-shaped, moderately compact with large to very large berries. The skins are moderately thick with a firm and juicy pulp and the berries have a pleasant flavor. Italia has a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Italia clones carry the numbers 307, 784, 858 and 918.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
307  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 1973          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
784  Non précisée  INRA        
 1982          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
858  Vaucluse  ENTAV        
 1986          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
918  Vaucluse  ENTAV        
 1988          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references