Gringet B
Name of vine variety in France
Gringet
Origin
This specific and native vine variety is from Haute-Savoie (Arve valley).
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety, nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Gringet B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 9 11 25 30 26 22
Description
Identification signs include:
- the young leaves are green,
- adult leaves are orbicular, whole or 3 lobes with a slightly open or closed petiolar sinus, short to moderate teeth with straight or convex sides, an absence of anthocyanin pigmentation, flat leaf blade and the underside with a slight coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 247 176 194 252 240 233 251
Allel 2 149 234 257 186 196 260 248 263 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately productive and drooping. It must therfore be trained and short-pruned or managed with  'Guyot simple'. Gringet B produces good results on scree slopes.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gringet B is susceptibel to bud mite disease, powdery mildew and is very susceptible to downy mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large and the berries are small.  This variety is more often used for making sparkling wines (sparkling or semi-sparkling wines). Gringet B wines are light, lively with floral notes.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Gringet B clone carries the number 947. A conservatory or 15 or so clones was set up in 1999 in vineyards in the Savoie region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
947  Haute-Savoie  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  high  
 1990  Savoie
Vallée-du-Rhône
 medium    medium  
 0.20 ha  low  low to medium  medium to high  good capacity for making sparkling wines
It can be used for making still wines is maturity is sufficient.