Gringet B
Name of vine variety in France
Gringet
Origin
This variety is native from the Haute-Savoie region (Arve valley) and specific to the area.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Gringet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 9 11 25 30 26 22
Description
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, short to medium teeth with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 247 176 194 252 240 233 251
Allel 2 149 234 257 186 196 260 248 263 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately productive with a drooping bearing. It must therfore be trained and managed by short pruning or simple Guyot pruning. Gringet produces good results on scree slopes.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gringet is susceptible to bud mite disease, powdery mildew and is very sensitive to downy mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries are small. This variety is more often used to produce sparkling wines (sparkling or semi-sparkling wines). Gringet wines are light, lively with floral notes.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Gringet clone carries the number 947. A conservatory of 15 or so clones was planted in 1999 in the wine-growing region of Savoie.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
947  Haute-Savoie  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  high  
 1990  Savoie
Vallée-du-Rhône
 medium    medium  
 0.20 ha  low  low to medium  medium to high  good capacity for making sparkling wines
It can be used for making still wines is maturity is sufficient.