Grand noir de la Calmette N
Name of vine variety in France
Grand noir de la Calmette
Origin
This variety was obtained by Louis and Henri Bouschet in 1855 à Mauguio (Hérault). Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, Grand noir de la Calmette would result from a crossbreeding between Petit Bouschet (Aramon x Teinturier du Cher) and Morrastel (Graciano).
Synonymy
In France, Bulgaria and Portugale, this variety can officially be called "Grand noir" regarding plant propagation material.
Regulations
In France, Grand noir de la Calmette is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2013 on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 31231 23365 2716 464 1 1 0.5
Description
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot, with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red or red-striped internodes,
- the adult leaves with three or five lobes revolute on the edges, deep U-shaped upper lateral sinuses and less pronounced, a slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, wide teeth, short compared to their width at the base with straight or convex, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered flat leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries whose pulp is colored.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 178 188 244 248 235 239
Allel 2 149 232 243 180 188 260 270 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Grand noir de la Calmette is relatively vigorous, rather fertile and has an erect bearing. Its foliage turns red in fall. This variety is sensitive to winter frosts but not very susceptible to spring frosts as it has a late bud burst. Grand noir de la Calmette is also a little sensitive to drought and its berries tend to shrivel under the effect of water stress.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Grand noir de la Calmette is a rather "rustic" variety, it is moderately sensitive to powdery mildew and to wood diseases. It is a little bit more susceptible to downy mildew.
Technological potential
Grand noir de la Calmette's bunches are medium in size and moderately compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored, with a thick skin and a juicy pulp. The juices are rather colored. The musts of this teinturier variety can be blended for the production of grape juices. This variety gives astringent, not very alcoholic and rather flat wines with sometimes peppery aromas.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Ampelografiai album. N. Marton, 1967, Ed. Mezogazdagi Kiado, Budapest, Hungary.
- Atlas ampélographique des cépages cultivés en Grèce. C. Kotinis, 1984, Greece.