Gramon N
Name of vine variety in France
Gramon
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1958 by INRA by crossbreeding Grenache N and Aramon N.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France for this variety, nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Gramon N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 18 18 5 5
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoots has a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are orbicular, whole or 3 lobes, a slightly open petiolar sinus, short teeth with straight sides, a revolute leaf blade, slightly cupped, wavy between the veins and the underside with a slight coat of flat-lying anf upright hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 243 191 188 258 240 227 239
Allel 2 143 238 243 191 188 258 240 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Gramon N grows upright. It is sufficiently fertile to be short pruned and trained in a gobelet. It sometimes displays a certain susceptibiity to  millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gramon N resists well against grey rot but appears susceptible to mites.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large and berries are moderate in size. Gramon N has good sugar accumulation potential and produces generous wines which are not very tannic but are moderately colored.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Gramon N clone carries the number 535.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
535    INRA        
 1976  Languedoc