Gewurztraminer Rs
Name of vine variety in France
Gewurztraminer
Origin
This variety corresponds to the pink and aromatic mutation of Savagnin blanc.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Gewurztraminer can offically be called by other names: Diseci traminec (Slovenia), Roter Traminer (Germany), Traminac (Croatia), Traminer (Austria), Tramin cerveny (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Traminer aromatico (Italy) and Traminer roz (Romania).
Regulations
In France, Gewurztraminer is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 1470 1972 2430 2590 2607 2920 3501
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the small adult leaves, with three lobes, a slightly open or with overlapping lobes petiole sinus, short to medium teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, a low to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, slightly goffered leaf blade, twisted or revolute on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a pink (purplish) skin when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 243 186 188 246 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is of fairly high vigor, not very productive and sensitive to coulure. It must be pruned long. Gewurztraminer is rather demanding regarding terroir (preferably marly), and is sensitive to chlorosis. It is also sensitive to dessication of the stems. This relatively early variety is sometimes affected by spring frosts but resists well against winter frost.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gewurztraminer is a little sensitive to downy mildew, grape moths and to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and the berries are small. Gewurztraminer has a good sugar accumulation potential and in favorable terroirs, produces excellent quality wines, moderately acidic, full-bodied and generous with powerful and particular aromas (rose, litchis). These aromas tend to become heavier and less eleganat in warm climatic zones.
Clonal selection in France
The eight certified Gewurztraminer clones carry the numbers 47, 48, 643, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078 et 1079. A conservatory of almost 140 clones was planted in Alsace in 1998.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
47  Alsace  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 2.44 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
48  Alsace  INRA  medium  high  low to medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 0.67 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production clones
643  Alsace  INRA  medium to high  high  low to medium  
 1980  Alsace  medium to high  low to medium  medium  
 1.38 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1075  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium to low  medium  
 0.25 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced. Adapted to slopes with very shallow soil as vigor is above-average.
1076  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  low  high  
 2003  Alsace  low  medium  low to medium  
 0.20 ha  low      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Grape clusters are loose and with slight millerandage. Clone appreciated for its low yields and quality of wine produced.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1077  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 0.23 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine produced
1078  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 0.21 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine produced
1079  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium to high  medium  
 0.22 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine obtained