Gewurztraminer Rs
Name of vine variety in France
Gewurztraminer
Origin
This variety corresponds to the rosé and aromatic mutation of Savagnin blanc B.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety.In the European Union, Gewurztraminer Rs can offically be called by other names: Diseci traminec (Slovenia), Roter Traminer (Germany, Austria), Clevner (Germany), Traminer (Germany, Austria, Bulgaria), Tramin cerveny (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Tramin (Czech Republic), Gelber Traminer (Austria), Traminer aromatico Rs (Italy) and Traminer roz (Romania).
Regulations
In France, Gewurztraminer Rs is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Spain, Greece, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherands, Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 1470 1972 2430 2590 2607 2920 3473
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense cover of flat-lying hairs,
- small size adult leaves, 3-lobed with a slightly open petiolar sinus or with overlapping lobes; short to medium size teeth compared to width at the base, convex sides, low to moderate anthocyanin coloration, bubbled leaf blade, lightly cupped, jagged or revolute on the edges; underside with a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries  with a pink (purplish) skin when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 243 186 188 246 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vine variety is fairly vigorous, moderately productive and sensitive to shot berries; it must be long pruned. Gewurztraminer Rs is rather demanding with regard to terroir (preferably marly), and is needless to say sensitive to the chlorosis. It is likewise sensitive to black stem. This relatively early vine variety is sometimes affected by spring frost but resists well againt winter frost.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gewurztraminer Rs is somewhat sensitive to downy mildew, grape vine moths and to grey rot.
Technological potential
The clusters and the berries are small. Gewurztraminer Rs has good sugar accumulation potential and in favorable terroirs, produces excellent quality wines, moderately acidic, medium bodied, generous wines with powerful and particular aromas (rose, litchis). These aromas tend to become heavier and less eleganat in warm climatic zones.
Clonal selection in France
There are 8 approved Gewurztraminer Rs clones carry the numbers 47, 48, 643, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078 et 1079. Close to 140 clones have been set up in  a conservatory in Alsace in 1998.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
47  Alsace  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 2.44 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
48  Alsace  INRA  medium  high  low to medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 0.67 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production clones
643  Alsace  INRA  medium to high  high  low to medium  
 1980  Alsace  medium to high  low to medium  medium  
 1.38 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
1075  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium to low  medium  
 0.25 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced. Adapted to slopes with very shallow soil as vigor is above-average.
1076  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  low  high  
 2003  Alsace  low  medium  low to medium  
 0.20 ha  low      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Grape clusters are loose and with slight millerandage. Clone appreciated for its low yields and quality of wine produced.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1077  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 0.23 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine produced
1078  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium  medium  
 0.21 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine produced
1079  Alsace  INRA - CIVA  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Alsace  medium  medium to high  medium  
 0.22 ha  medium      wines appreciated in wine tastings
Clone appreciated for its steady production and the quality of wine obtained