Gamay de Chaudenay N
Name of vine variety in France
Gamay de Chaudenay
Origin
This variety comes from a mutation of Gamay de Bouze.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Gamay de Chaudenay is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1998 2008 2018
ha 119 92 375 247 99
*: see Gamay Fréaux.
Description
The identification is based on:
- the bronzed young leaves,
- the skin of the berries is grey before veraison and the pulp is colored at maturity.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 239 178 194 244 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 249 186 204 246 238 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is not very vigorous but has a steady production. Its potential is close to those of Gamay.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gamay de Chaudenay's behavior towards diseases and pests is the same as that of Gamay.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and the berries are small to medium in size. The wines produces are colored (less than Gamay Fréaux but more than Gamay de Bouze) and less fruity than Gamay wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Gamay de Chaudenay clones carry the numbers 567 and 568. A conservatory of 30 or so clones was planted in 2006 in the wine-growing region of Rhône.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
567  Val-de-Loire  ENTAV  high  high  low to medium  higher
 1978  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium  medium  high
   medium  medium to high    fruity, structured and colorful wines
The above-mentioned results have been given in comparison with the average of Gamay N clones. Compared to this reference, the anthocyanin contents are twice as great and the total polyphenol index is 40% higher
568  Val-de-Loire  ENTAV  high  high  low to medium  
 1978  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium  medium  
   medium  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
The above-mentioned results have been given in comparison with the average of Gamay N clones.