Gamay Fréaux N
Name of vine variety in France
Gamay Fréaux N
This vine variety comes from a mutation of Gamay de Bouze N.
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
In France, Gamay Fréaux N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogue of Bulgaria.
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1988 2000 2008 2011
ha 1701 1285 1469 128 71 42
* : all the coloring Gamay varieties
Identification signs include:
- the young leaves are very bronze in color,
- the skin color of the berries is grey before ripening and the pulp is colored when maturity is reached.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 232 239 178 194 244 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 249 186 204 246 238 245 271
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
The potential is close to other types of coloring Gamay and Gamay N.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
The behavior of Gamay Fréaux N with regard to diseases and pests is comparable to Gamay N.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are small. The wines are relatively acid and qualitively not very intersting, but more colored than wines made with Gamay de Bouze N ore Gamay de Chaudenay N and much more tannic than wines made with Gamay N. Gamay Fréaux N is to be used only for blending purposes.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Gamay Fréaux N clone carries the number 361. A conservatory of  25 clones was set up in 2006 in the vineyards in the  Rhône region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
361  Val-de-Loire  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  highter
 1975  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium  high  highter
   low  medium    very colorful but very tannic, acid and vegetal wines
The above-mentioned results have been given in comparison with the average of Gamay N clones. Compared to this reference, the anthocyanin contents are five times greater and the total polyphenol index is two times higher.