Gamay N
Name of vine variety in France
Gamay
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety is originally from Bourgogne (Burgundy) and is the result of a crossbreeding between  Pinot noir N and Gouais B.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France.In Bulgaria, Gamay N can officially be called by the name "Gamay Noar".
Regulations
In France, Aligoté B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 37806 36257 33869 33620 36653 35084 24211
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a thin to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- herbaceous shoots with red internodes,
- orbicular adult leaves, whole or 5-lobed, with an open V-shaped petiolar sinus; short teeth compared to width at base, straight sides, upturned leaf blade and the underside has a very sparse coat of flat-lying and upright hairs,
- short ellipitical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 239 178 194 244 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 249 186 204 246 238 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Gamay N is a low vigour variety, weak but fertile. Its production must be managed because it has a tendency to peter out (particularly in highly fertile soils in warm climates). It is sometimes sensitive to millerandage under unfavorable weather conditions at flowering time. It is an early variety, sensitive to sunburn. Semi-erect to erect growth and preferably short pruned. Following spring frost, the shoots from the secondary buds are relatively fruitful. Tends to produce a high number of grappillons,small grape bunches.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Gamay N is sensitive to grey rot, phomopsis, wood disease, grape berry moths and grapewine yellows.
Technological potential
The clusters are small, rather compact and the berries of medium size. This variety produces, with the maceration of whole grapes, warm, fruity and moderately colorful, but not very tannic wines. This variety likewise produces elegant and fruity rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
There are 38 approved Gamay clones which carry the numbers 102, 105, 106, 166, 167, 222, 282, 283, 284, 285, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 426, 427, 428, 488, 489, 490, 509, 510, 511, 512, 564, 565, 615, 616, 656, 657, 787, 1060, 1108, 1109, 1169, 1170 and 1227. A conservatory with 415 clones was planted in 2006 in the Rhône. To this was added 510 supplementary clones in 2010.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
102  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  high  low  low
 1971  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium  high  low to medium
   low to medium  medium    Frequently irregular in terms of quality
Productive clone
105  Cher  INRA  medium to high  medium to high  low  
 1972  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium to high  high  
   medium  medium to high    Balanced but not very fruity wines
Productive clone
106  Nièvre  INRA  high  high  low  
 1972  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium to high  high  
   high  high    balanced if yields are managed wines
Productive clone
166  Nièvre  INRA  medium  medium to high  low to medium  
 1972  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium  medium  
   medium to high  medium to high    tannic wines lacking in finesse
Slightly trailing growth, rather late maturity and productive clone
167  Non précisée  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  low  
 1972  Beaujolais  high  medium  high  
   high  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
222  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  low to medium
 1973  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 medium to high  medium  medium to high  medium
 5.25 ha  medium  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety, which are balanced and fruity
Clone is oftentimes used as the base regional grape variety for fruity wines while limiting production. Adapted to primeur wine production.
282  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  low to medium
 1973  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 medium to high  medium to high  medium  medium
 2.53 ha  medium  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety, which are balanced and fruity
Control yield to obtain good quality. Clone adapted to primeur wine production.
283  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  high  low  
 1973  Beaujolais  high  medium  high  
   medium to high  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential.
284  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  high  high  low to medium  low to medium
 1973  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium to high  medium to high  low
 2.43 ha  medium  medium to high    balanced and lower standard for this grape variety
Control yield, rather late maturity clone reserved to early maturity and not very fertile regions.
285  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  low
 1973  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  low
   medium to high  medium to high    very low structure wines
Excessively limited qualitative potential.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
355  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1975  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium to high  high  
   high  high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential.
356  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  high  high  low  low
 1975  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  high  high  low
 0.71 ha  medium to high  medium to high    low constitution and acid wines
Control yield, rather late maturity clone to be reserved in very early maturity and not very fertile regions.
357  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  low to medium
 1975  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium
   high  medium to high    fruity and not very structured wines
Clone of very little interest compared to already propagated clones.
358  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  medium
 1975  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 medium  medium  medium  medium
 4.04 ha  medium  medium to high    balanced, aromatic and fairly full-bodied wines
Good potential, intermediary between fruity and structured wines.
359  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1975  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
   high  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
426  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 1976          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
427  Non précisée  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Beaujolais  high  medium  medium  
   medium to high  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential.
428  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  low to medium  low
 1976  Beaujolais  medium to high  high  low to medium  low
   medium to high  medium to high    wines with very light structure
Productive clone with low qualitative potential
488  Nièvre  INRA  high  high  low  
 1976  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  high  high  
   medium  medium to high    light wines
Very productive clone
489  Nièvre  INRA  high  high  low to medium  
 1976  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 medium to high  medium  medium  
   high  medium to high    balanced wines
Productive clone with limited qualitative potential
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
490  Nièvre  INRA  high  medium to high  low to medium  
 1976  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 medium  medium  medium  
   medium  medium to high    light wines
Productive clone with limited qualitative potential
509  Allier  ENTAV  low  low  high  medium
 1976  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 medium  medium  low  medium to high
 6.80 ha  medium  medium to high    balanced, aromatic and full-bodied wines
Early maturity clone, not very productive with low acidity and appreciated in Beaujolais wines. Well adapted for the production of wines with ageing potential. Avoid areas and blending with root stocks promoting early maturity.
510  Rhône  ENTAV  medium  medium  low to medium  
 1976  Beaujolais  medium  high  high  
   medium to high  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone and low quality
511  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1976  Beaujolais  high  high  high  
   high  high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive and late maturity clone
512  Côte-d'Or  ENTAV  high  high  low  
 1976  Beaujolais  high  high  medium  
   medium to high  high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive and late maturity clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
564  Loir-et-Cher  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1978  Beaujolais  medium to high  medium  medium to high  
   medium  medium    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential
565  Allier  ENTAV  medium  low  high  high
 1978  Beaujolais
Bourgogne
Val-de-Loire
 low  high  medium  high
 2.18 ha  medium  low to medium    colorful, aromatic and full-bodied wines
Early maturity clone with lobed leaves. Appreciated for its low yields and its capacity for producing wines with ageing potential.
615  Non précisée  ENTAV  medium  high  low  
 1979  Beaujolais  high  medium to high  high  
   high  medium to high    distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone with low qualitative potential
616  Non précisée  INRA  low to medium  medium  medium  low to medium
 1979  Beaujolais  medium  high  medium to high  medium
   medium to high  low to medium    Acidic wines with medium structure
Quite late maturity clone reserved to very early maturity and poor soil areas
656  Rhône  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  medium to high  medium to high
 1980  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 high  medium  medium  high
 2.48 ha  medium to high  low to medium    Colorful, refined, aromatic and complex wines
Drooping, production level needs to be controlled in order to obtain good qualitative expression. Clone adapted to making primeur wines and wines with ageing potential.
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
657  Rhône  ENTAV  medium  medium to high  low to medium  low
 1980  Beaujolais  medium  low to medium  medium to high  low
   medium to high  medium    acidic wines, weak structure
Late maturity and low quality clone
787  Rhône  ENTAV  high  medium  high  medium
 1984  Beaujolais
Val-de-Loire
 medium  medium  medium  high
 5.10 ha  medium  medium    balanced, refines and aromatic wines
Compact grape clusters with slight millerandage. Wines appreciated in wine tastings. Clone adapted to making wines with ageing potential.
1060  Loir-et-Cher  SICAREX Beaujolais - ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium  medium
 2001  Beaujolais  medium  medium  medium to high  high
 1.06 ha  medium  medium    colorful, fruity, fatty and tannic wines
Intermediate yield. Wines appreciated in wine tastings. Clone adapted to making wines with ageing potential
1108  Loire  SICAREX Beaujolais - ENTAV  low  low  medium to high  medium to high
 2006  Beaujolais  low to medium  medium  medium  medium to high
   medium  medium    balanced, structured and aromatic wines
Upright growth. Wines appreciated in wine tastings
1109  Loire  SICAREX Beaujolais - ENTAV  low  low  high  high
 2006  Beaujolais  low to medium  medium  medium to high  high
 0.01 ha  medium  medium    colorful and aromatic wines with good tannic structure
Moderately productive clone with upright growth. Wines appreciated in wine tastings. Clone adapted to making wines with ageing potential
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1169  Beaujolais  Sicarex Beaujolais - IFV  low  low  high  high
 2011  Beaujolais  medium  medium  medium  high
   medium to high  low    well balanced, colorful and structured wines
Small volume producer clone, small loose grape clusters with very ovoid shaped berries; good tolerance to rot; fairly early maturity. Superior taste quality wines displaying a good balance between aromas and structure.
1170  Auvergne  Sicarex Beaujolais - IFV  higher  low  medium  medium
 2011  Beaujolais  high  medium  medium to high  medium to high
   medium  medium to high    balanced and structured wines
Gamay d’Auvergne type clone, not very fertile but with large grape clusters and rather late maturity. Phenolic wine composition above or equal to Gamay clone 509, same as its taste quality
New
1227  Beaujolais  Sicarex Beaujolais - IFV  medium to high  low  medium to high  high
 2015  Beaujolais  low  medium  medium to high  medium to high
   medium to low  low  high  colored wines with good tannins and long finish
Clone less productive and late maturity. Less sensitivity to botrytis with small and loose clusters millerandage. Popular wine tasting.