Fuella nera N
Name of vine variety in France
Fuella nera
Origin
This vine variety is grown in the Alpes-Maritimes the the areas around Nice.
Synonymy
No synonym is officially recognized in France, nor in other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Fuella nera N is officially listed in the  "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 2000 2008 2016
ha 14 10 8 16 22
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are large, wedge-shaped to pentagonal shaped, 5 lobes with an elongated central lobe,a petiolar sinus with  very overlapping lobes and fairly frequently with a tooth on the edge; short teeth compared to width at base, straight sides, slight anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, dull leaf blade, jagged and bubbled and the underside with a heavy coat of flat lying hairs and a moderate coat of upright hairs.
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 178 186 248 240 233 251
Allel 2 143 238 243 186 188 260 254 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Fuella nera N is vigorous and is well adapted to drought. It must be short pruned and planted in well exposed terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Fuella nera N is susceptible to powdery mildew and to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large while the berries are small. Fuella nera N produces full bodied,  colorful, rather fine aromatic wines with low acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved  Fuella nera N clones carry the numbers 1073 and 1074. These 2 clones are originally from vineyards in Bellet  (Alpes-Maritimes).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1073  Alpes-Maritimes  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
1074  Alpes-Maritimes  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 2003  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  low to medium    medium  
         distinctive wines of the vine variety