Franc noir de la Haute-Saône N
Name of vine variety in France
Franc noir de la Haute-Saône
This variety is origianally from the east of France. Based on published genetic analyses, it would be the result of the crossbreeding between Pinot noir and Gouais.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
In France, Franc noir de la Haute-Saône is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 2018
ha 5 0.1
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the large circular adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses, with a closed petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a twisted revolute leaf blade, undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 135 225 243 176 188 238 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 232 249 186 204 246 254 227 271
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, half a week to 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Franc noir de la Haute-Saône is an early, vigorous, fertile and regular variety.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Franc noir de la Haute-Saône is rather sensitive to downy mildew. On the other hand, it is not very affected by grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are small. Franc noir de la Haute-Saône produces decent quality wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Franc noir de la Haute-Saône clone carries the number 1226. Surveys have recently been carried out in the north-east of France.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1226  Haute-Saône  IFV        
 2015  Languedoc-Roussillon