Fiano B
New
Name of vine variety in France
Fiano
Origin
Fiano is originally from Italy, probablement from the area of Campania.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Fiano is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2018 on the A list but is not yet classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Italy and Malta.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Description
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot, with a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration, with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with sometimes red-striped internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with three, five or sometimes seven revolute lobes, a slightly open lyre or V-shaped petiole sinus, mucronate teeth, medium compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered, flat or twisted leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 153 223 239 180 248 227 257
Allel 2 153 225 239 186 254 243 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Fiano is a vigorous variety with a semi-erect bearing. It is not very fertile, but its production is regular. It is best to prune id long. This variety is adapted to hot and dry climate, and grows well in not very fertile soils. Fiano is sensitive to millerandage in case of rainy springs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Fiano is sensitive to powdery mildew, especially during flowering. It is however less susceptible to downy mildew.
Technological potential
Fiano's bunches are small to medium and rather compact. The berries are medium in size, simple-flavored, with a lot of bloom, a thin skin and a juicy pulp. Fiano produces round, pale yellow wines, with honey, flowers, hazelnut and spices aromas, and sometimes a slight bitterness on the finish. These wines are suited to bottle ageing.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [visited in 2020].
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.