Ekigaïna N
Name of vine variety in France
Ekigaïna
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1955 and is the result of crossbreeding Tannat N with Cabernet-Sauvignon N
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in other countries in the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Ekigaïna N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2016
ha 4 4 2.8
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a moderate to heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
-young leaves are reddish in color,
- pentagonal adult leaves, 5 or 7-lobed with a slightly open U-shaped petiolar sinus or slightly overlapping lobes with a base frequently limited by a vein near the petiolar point; moderate teeth with convex sides, moderate anthocynanin pigmentation of veins; involute leaf blade, bubbled; the underside has a moderate to heavy coat of upright hairs and a sparse cover of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 236 239 172 188 240 238 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 182 194 248 254 233 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 2 and 1/2 to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately vigorous; semi erect growth and must be trained and long pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Ekigaïna N would appear not to be particularly sensitive to diseases.
Technological potential
The clusters and berries are moderate sized. Ekigaïna N produces colorful, typified, balanced and fairly warm wine that is relatively low in acid.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Ekigaïna N clone carries the number 981.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
981    INRA        
 1991  Bordelais, Sud-Ouest