Egiodola N
Name of vine variety in France
Egiodola
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1954. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety would be the result of a crossbreeding between Abouriou and Tinta da Madeira.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Egiodola is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Bulgaria.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 243 320 342 184
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, a petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, frequently with a tooth on the edge, medium teeth with straight or convex sides, an involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the blade, a medium density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped berries
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 178 188 246 240 243 239
Allel 2 149 236 247 186 204 260 248 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Egiodola is early, fertile, with moderate to strong vigor. This variety can produce a high and steady production. Pruning should be moderate in order to limit yields.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Egiodola is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Egiodola can produce very colored, generous and tannic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Egiodola clone carries the number 600.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
600    INRA        
 1978  Bordelais, Sud-Ouest