Dattier de Beyrouth B
Name of vine variety in France
Dattier de Beyrouth
Origin
This table grape variety is of natural origin and is found in many countries.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Dattier de Beyrouth can officially be called by other names: Afuz Ali (Croatia, Hungary, Romania), Bolgar (Bulgaria), Roseti (Spain) and Rozaki (Greece).
Regulations
In France, Dattier de Beyrouth is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 1508 1591 5695 191 42 49 24
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots that have long internodes,
- the circular, small to moderate adult leaves, with three or five lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus with parallel edges and often naked petiole veins, small to medium teeth with straight sides, no or a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth shiny leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid or cylindric berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 186 244 248 233 257
Allel 2 133 229 249 182 188 252 254 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Dattier de Beyrouth is a vigorous variety with a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. It can be managed by short or long pruning but it must be carefully trained because the shoot base is fragile in the spring and the shoots are sensitive to the wind. Dattier de Beyrouth is also susceptible to coulure and millerandage.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Dattier de Beyrouth is very susceptible to downy mildew and phomopsis. It is also sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are very large, loose or moderately compact. The berries are very large with a thick skin and a simple flavored fleshy pulp. This variety has a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Dattier de Beyrouth clones carry the numbers 304, 966 and 1223.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
304  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 1973          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
966  Non précisée  ENTAV        
 1990          
         
Small distribution clone, few available references
1223  Gard  IFV        
 2014  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         
distinctive wines of the vine variety