Couderc noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Couderc noir
Couderc noir N or 7120 Couderc (interspecific hybrid) is derived from the crossbreeding of Vitis rupestris, Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii and Vitis vinifera.
In France, this variety can officially be called "7120 Couderc" for plant propagation material.
In France, Couderc noir N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 26616 23291 7737 2595 585 242 95
Identification signs include:
- the tip fo the young shoot has a sparse to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs with a heavy anthocyanin pigmentation on the edges,
- the young leaves are shiny and green with slightly bronze patches,
- adult leaves are pentagonal or orbicular-shaped, whole or 3 lobes with a slightly open V-shaped petiolar sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, shallow U-shaped lateral sinuses, short teeth compared to width at base, straight sides with an absence of anthocyanin pigmentation of veins, light green leaf blades, bubbled and the underside with a slight coat of upright hairs,
- ellliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 234 249 178 194 244 240 245 271
Allel 2 145 243 251 198 204 246 242 247 271
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Couderc noir N is susceptible to chlorosis. It is fairly vigorous and productive. This variety grows upright to semi-upright and can be managed short pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Couderc noir N is not very affected by downy mildew, powdery mildew and grey rot, but it is fairly susceptible to phylloxera.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are compact and small to moderate in size. the berries are moderate size and not very juicy. Sugar potential is moderate. Couderc noir N produces very colored wines with the presence of diglucoside anthocyanes. Best results ar obtained with rosé wine making.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Couderc noir N clone carries the number 1249.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1249  Hérault  IFV - INRA