Colombaud B
Name of vine variety in France
Colombaud
Origin
Colombaud is a variety from Provence.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Bouteillan" regarding plant propagation material. There is no officially recognized synonym in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Colombaud is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 2018
ha 1 2 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the yellow young leaves,
- the large circular adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute, roughly blistered and goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 186 240 254 257 239
Allel 2 131 223 243 182 188 256 266 257 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Colombaud is very vigorous and is fertile when pruned short. Its shoots are semi-erect. This variety it is only adapted to very hot and not very fertile terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Colombaud is fairly susceptible to fungal diseases, particularly to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are large. Colombaud produces dry, clear and acidic white wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet. Surveys have recently been carried out in the wine-growing region of Provence.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.