Colombard B
Name of vine variety in France
Colombard
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety would result from a crossbreeding of Gouais and Chenin.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Colombard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 13105 11892 5829 4911 6740 7459 11099
Description
The identification is based on:
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular or kidney-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a very open V-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute leaf blade, slightly curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density or erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 229 239 172 188 244 248 245 255
Allel 2 149 238 239 178 196 248 254 247 267
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Colombard is a fertile, very vigorous and productive variety. It can be pruned long or short, depending on production objectives. Pruning is fairly difficult because Colombard wood is hard. At maturity, this variety has a tendancy to berry shedding.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is slightly susceptible to powdery mildew on the leaves and grey rot when the grapes are ripe.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. This variety produces pleasant, aromatic wines with a good acidity. Spirits obtained from Colombard are of avergae quality and are mostly blended.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Colombard clones carry the numbers 551, 552, 553, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 625, 626, 695, 938, 1179 and 1180. More than 180 clones are gathered in two conservatories planted in 1995 and in 2002 in the French department of Gers. An other conservatory of almost 200 clones was planted in 2010 in the French department of Charente.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
551  Gers  ENTAV  medium  low  high  
 1978  Gers  low    low to medium  
 0.76 ha  low      very appreciated in wine tastings
Bushy bearing
552  Gers  ENTAV  low  medium  medium to high  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium  
 1.79 ha  high      distinctive wines of the vine variety
553  Gers  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1978  Gers  medium    low to medium  
 1.82 ha  medium      appreciated in wine tastings
605  Gers  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1978  Gers  medium to high    medium  
 1.10 ha  medium      less appreciated in wine tastings
606  Gers  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1978  Gers  medium to high    medium  
 2.16 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
More upright growth, large wood
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
607  Gers  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium  
 3.30 ha  medium      appreciated in wine tastings
608  Gers  ENTAV  medium to high  high  low to medium  
 1978  Gers  medium to high    medium to high  
 0.32 ha  medium      less appreciated in wine tastings
609  Gers  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  low to medium  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium to high  
 1.30 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
625  Gers  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium to high  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium  
 2.18 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
626  Gers  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium  
 1.46 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
695  Gers  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  low to medium  
 1978  Gers  medium    medium  
 2.13 ha  low      distinctive wines of the vine variety
More upright growth, long internodes and numerous tendrils
938  Gers  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1978  Gers  medium    low to medium  
 1.20 ha  medium      appreciated in wine tastings
1179  Gers  IFV  low to medium  low  medium to high  
 2012  Gers  low    medium  
       medium  wines appreciated in wine tastings for their acidity/volume balance
Comparable to clone 551 but less bushy growth
1180  Gers  IFV  low to medium  medium to high  medium to high  
 2012  Gers  medium to high    medium  
       medium to high  wines appreciated in wine tastings for their aromatic intensity and in-mouth volume
Comparable to clone 607 but more appreciated in wine tastings.