Cinsaut N
Name of vine variety in France
Cinsaut
Origin
This southern grape variety would appear to originally be from Provence.
Synonymy
In France, this variety may officially be called "Cinsault N" for plant propagating material.in The European Union Européenne, Cinsaut N can officially be designated by other names: Cinsault vrai (Cyprus), Ottavianello (Italy) and Senzo (Bulgaria).
Regulations
In France, Cinsaut N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Portugal
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 10915 18188 51643 48184 32955 24773 18588
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoots are densely covered with flat-lying hairs,
- adult orbicular leaves, 5-lobed, with a slightly open or closed and fairly deep lateral V-shaped petiolar sinus, long teeth compared to the width of the base, straight sides with one side concave and the other side convex, slightly upturned leaf blade, particularly the principle lobe. The underside is sparsely covered with flat-lying hairs and moderately covered with upright hairs.
- elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 227 255
Allel 2 131 223 247 178 204 260 248 233 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vine variety is fertile, productive and very drought resistant and not very susceptible to browning. Under fertile conditions fertiles, yields are too high and the products obtained are of mediocre quality. Preference should be given to Cinsaut N being grown on poor dry terroirs; under such conditions, steady production can be achieved. It's a slightly vigorous vine (small wood diameter), with drooping branches that must be short-pruned. Vine trunks age fairly quickly. In a limestone area in the spring, Cinsaut N may easily show signs of chlorosis.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Cinsaut N is susceptible to wood diseases (esca, eutypiose), mites, grape catipillars (Eudemis) and grey rot. On the othe hand, this variety is moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large and the berries very large. Juice yield is very high. It is however possible for this variety to obtain on good low fertile terroirs (schist for exampke) with low yields, fruity, pleasant and supple wine products, particularly excellent rosés.
Clonal selection in France
The 20 approved Cinsaut N clones carry the numbers 3, 4, 5, 67, 91, 92, 103, 104, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 258, 259, 260, 261, 320, 321 and 322. A conservatory with a hundred clones was set up in the Côtes de Provence (Var) vineyard in 2006.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier. - Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
3  Gard  ENTAV  high  high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  high  high    
 3.79 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
4  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  low to medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.25 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Highly typical of the grape variety clone.
5  Gard  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  high    
 5.03 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
67  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1971  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.22 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2. Irregular production.
91  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  medium    
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
92  Gard  ENTAV  low  low  high  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  medium    
 0.65 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
103  Haute-Garonne  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 2.61 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
104  Gard  ENTAV  high  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.80 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production
252  Aude  INRA    high  high  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
 0.83 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
253  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
254  Aude  INRA  high  high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
255  Aude  INRA  low  low  high  
 1973  Languedoc  low      
 0.42 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
256  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  low  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
258  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
259  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
260  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  low  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
261  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
 0.46 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
320  Aude  INRA  medium  medium  high  
 1975  Languedoc  medium      
 0.38 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
321  Aude  INRA  medium  medium  high  
 1975  Languedoc  medium      
 0.26 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
322  Non précisée  INRA        
 1975          
         Small distribution clone