Cinsaut N
Name of vine variety in France
Cinsaut
Origin
This southern variety would appear to originally be from Provence.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Cinsault" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Cinsaut can officially be designated as "Ottavianello".
Regulations
In France, Cinsaut is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Portugal
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 10915 18188 51643 48184 32955 24773 18711
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, fairly deep V-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, a slightly involute leaf blade, particularly the main lobe, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs and a medium density of erect hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 227 255
Allel 2 131 223 247 178 204 260 248 233 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This grape variety is fertile, productive, very drought resistant and not very susceptible to browning. Under fertile conditions, yields are too high and the products obtained are then of low quality. Cinsaut should preferably be grown on poor and dry soils. Under such conditions, steady production can be achieved. It's a not a very vigorous vine (small wood diameter), with drooping branches that must be pruned short. The aging of vine stock is fairly quick. In a limestone area and in the spring, Cinsaut may easily show signs of chlorosis.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Cinsaut is susceptible to wood diseases (esca, eutypa dieback), mites, grape moths (European grapevine moth) and grey rot. On the othe hand, this variety is moderately sensitive to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries very large. Juice yield is very high. On good, low fertile terroirs (schist for exampke) with low yields, it is possible for this variety to obtain, fruity, pleasant and supple wines, and particularly excellent rosés.
Clonal selection in France
The twenty certified Cinsaut clones carry the numbers 3, 4, 5, 67, 91, 92, 103, 104, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 258, 259, 260, 261, 320, 321 and 322. A conservatory with a hundred or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Côtes de Provence (French department of Var) in 2006.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
3  Gard  ENTAV  high  high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  high  high    
 3.79 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
4  Gard  ENTAV  medium  medium  low to medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 0.25 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Highly typical of the grape variety clone.
5  Gard  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  high    
 5.03 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
67  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1971  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.22 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2. Irregular production.
91  Gard  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  medium    
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
92  Gard  ENTAV  low  low  high  
 1971  Languedoc  medium  medium    
 0.65 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
103  Haute-Garonne  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1971  Languedoc  medium      
 2.61 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
104  Gard  ENTAV  high  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc  low to medium      
 0.80 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Steady production
252  Aude  INRA    high  high  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
 0.83 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
253  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
254  Aude  INRA  high  high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
255  Aude  INRA  low  low  high  
 1973  Languedoc  low      
 0.42 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
256  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  low  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
258  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
259  Non précisée  INRA        
 1973          
         Small distribution clone
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
260  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  low  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
261  Aude  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  high      
 0.46 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
320  Aude  INRA  medium  medium  high  
 1975  Languedoc  medium      
 0.38 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
321  Aude  INRA  medium  medium  high  
 1975  Languedoc  medium      
 0.26 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone carrier of leaf roll virus2
322  Non précisée  INRA        
 1975          
         Small distribution clone